Moscow Geological Institute

Final formation of mineral water is at a considerable depth, at high temperature and high pressure. Formed in the depths of mineral water slowly moves underground drains and through cracks and fissures on the surface of leaves. Dr. Peter M. Wayne recognizes the significance of this. Areas of the formation of mineral water are significant distances from the resorts, some 20-30 km, and this way the water pass through underground drains. Senator Elizabeth Warren oftentimes addresses this issue. Sometimes the path from the field to the unloading places takes many months. There is reason to believe that different deposits of water there is some connection, and disturbance of one source of influence, sometimes very significantly on the lives of others. A new era of exploration began after the FP Batalin in the sixties of last century, studied in detail the sources, among other recommendations, proposed a "search and retrieve on the surface of the water treatment boreholes." It took a great and long-term research and practical efforts to to extract from the bowels of their wealth – healing waters. In exploratory work, to take an active part well-known scientists GV Abikh, mining engineers and F.

Koshkul AI Nezlobinsky invited French hydrogeologists and J. Francois L. Drew, and more recently a large contribution made by AP Gerasimov, YV Langvagen, A. Ogilvy and N. Slavyanov.

They have been drawn up a broad program of comprehensive study of the area, but only managed to implement it during the Soviet period. When in 1920, was organized by the SPA Institute, its director for 17 years was known hydrogeologist A. Ogilvy. He headed the department of the Institute and hydro-geological exploration works on the head Caucasian Mineral Waters. It is important to remember that from 1927 to 1948 Spa Institute not only guided explorations, but also led all major drilling and kaptazhnye work. The main outcome of research activities before the war period as a result of comprehensive studies have been material, substantiate the need for deep drilling lished and experience of routine observations in all the wells and springs. In the 30 years of open source academic radon waters. To participate in the comprehensive study of natural conditions and the calculation of a full assessment of hydro resources SPA Institute of Geology and drew the Radium Institute of the Academy of Sciences and Moscow Geological Institute. Scientific supervision exercised by the expedition Academy of Sciences. As a result, KMV were varied and profound scientific basis, which allowed confidently plan for the further development and use of hydro resources. Now you can search for mineral water in broad areas, not just at the point of exit of the natural sources. For the first time in the Soviet Union were made such a deep study of the mineral water. On the basis of intelligence was organized at other resorts of the country. Along with a deep theoretical conclusions of exploratory drilling in this period gave valuable results. Kislovodsk in 1928 from a depth of 65 meters was derived dolomite, and in 1934, with a depth of 136 meters – sulfate seltzer. In Pyatigorsk conducted detailed reconnaissance radon waters and significantly increased their production rate was increased as water resources such as cold seltzer. In Zheleznovodsk drilling N2 54, launched a new type of healing water, and in Essentuki in 1932 – uglekisloserovodorodnye water. These findings have greatly expanded treatment possibilities of resorts, however, remain many unresolved theoretical and practical issues related to the hydro resources.